April 30, 2008

STEM bonanza

Numerous times, US president vetoed for stem cell production. Citing security reason, he is always against stem cell technology. However U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is in the favor of STEM. But this is not the steam cell, it is simply the abbreviation of Science, Technology, Engineering or Math. USA is always looking for high skilled to low skilled man power. To utilize the high skill man power, they have various visa programs. The most popular one is H1B visa program. Either they provide H1B visas to the international nationals who are staying in USA or they provide such kind of visas to the qualified people living outside the USA. These days they are having more H1B applicants than required. Last year they receive more than two fold of applicants in a single day than their annual quota. Same thing has been repeated this year.
USCIS starts receiving H1B applications from April 1 of the each year for the next financial year. It seems every year, allocated H1B quotas by USCIS going to be exhausted on the same day. So USCIS has come with temporary solutions, extending of Optional Practical Training (OPT). OPT is a work authorization which is awarded to the international students who wish to work after their graduation. At present the period of OPT is 1 year. However from April 8,2008 USCIS has adopted a policy to extend OPT period to 29 months who has STEM degree. Following things required to have this extension previlege.

1) Have completed a designated STEM degree from a U.S. colleges/ universities that participate in the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS).
2) Be working for a U.S. employer in a job directly related to the student’s field of study.
3)Be working for, or accepted employment with, an employer enrolled in USCIS’ E-Verify program.

Programs with following National Center for Education Statistics (NCES CIP) codes fall under STEM degree.

11.0101 Computer and Information Sciences, General.
11.0102 Artificial Intelligence and Robotics.
11.0103 Information Technology.
11.0201 Computer Programming/Programmer, General.
11.0202 Computer Programming, Specific Applications.
11.0203 Computer Programming, Vendor/Product Certification.
11.0301 Data Processing and Data Processing Technology/Technician.
11.0401 Information Science/Studies.
11.0501 Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst.
11.0701 Computer Science.
11.0801 Web Page, Digital/Multimedia and Information Resources Design.
11.0802 Data Modeling/Warehousing and Database Administration.
11.0803 Computer Graphics.
11.0901 Computer Systems Networking and Telecommunications.
11.1001 System Administration/Administrator.
11.1002 System, Networking, and LAN/WAN Management/Manager.
11.1003 Computer and Information Systems Security.
11.1004 Web/Multimedia Management and Webmaster.
14.0101 Engineering, General.
14.0201 Aerospace, Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering.
14.0301 Agricultural/Biological Engineering and Bioengineering.
14.0401 Architectural Engineering.
14.0501 Biomedical/Medical Engineering.
14.0601 Ceramic Sciences and Engineering.
14.0801 Civil Engineering, General.
14.0802 Geotechnical Engineering.
14.0803 Structural Engineering.
14.0804 Transportation and Highway Engineering.
14.0805 Water Resources Engineering.
14.0901 Computer Engineering, General.
14.0902 Computer Hardware Engineering.
14.0903 Computer Software Engineering.
14.1001 Electrical, Electronics and Communications Engineering.
14.1101 Engineering Mechanics.
14.1201 Engineering Physics.
14.1301 Engineering Science.
14.1401 Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering.
14.1801 Materials Engineering.
14.1901 Mechanical Engineering.
14.2001 Metallurgical Engineering.
14.2101 Mining and Mineral Engineering.
14.2201 Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering.
14.2301 Nuclear Engineering.
14.2401 Ocean Engineering.
14.2501 Petroleum Engineering.
14.2701 Systems Engineering.
14.2801 Textile Sciences and Engineering.
14.3101 Materials Science.
14.3201 Polymer/Plastics Engineering.
14.3301 Construction Engineering.
14.3401 Forest Engineering.
14.3501 Industrial Engineering.
14.3601 Manufacturing Engineering.
14.3701 Operations Research.
14.3801 Surveying Engineering.
14.3901 Geological/Geophysical Engineering.
15.0000 Engineering Technology, General.
15.0101 Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0201 Civil Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0303 Electrical, Electronic and Communications Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0304 Laser and Optical Technology/Technician.
15.0305 Telecommunications Technology/Technician.
15.0401 Biomedical Technology/Technician.
15.0403 Electromechanical Technology/Electromechanical Engineering Technology.
15.0404 Instrumentation Technology/Technician.
15.0405 Robotics Technology/Technician.
15.0501 Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician (ACH/ACR/ACHR/HRAC/HVAC/AC Technology).
15.0503 Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician.
15.0505 Solar Energy Technology/Technician.
15.0506 Water Quality and Wastewater Treatment Management and Recycling Technology/Technician.
15.0507 Environmental Engineering Technology/Environmental Technology.
15.0508 Hazardous Materials Management and Waste Technology/Technician.
15.0607 Plastics Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0611 Metallurgical Technology/Technician.
15.0612 Industrial Technology/Technician.
15.0613 Manufacturing Technology/Technician.
15.0701 Occupational Safety and Health Technology/Technician.
15.0702 Quality Control Technology/Technician.
15.0703 Industrial Safety Technology/Technician.
15.0704 Hazardous Materials Information Systems Technology/Technician.
15.0801 Aeronautical/Aerospace Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0803 Automotive Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.0805 Mechanical Engineering/Mechanical Technology/Technician.
15.0901 Mining Technology/Technician.
15.0903 Petroleum Technology/Technician.
15.1001 Construction Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.1102 Surveying Technology/Surveying.
15.1103 Hydraulics and Fluid Power Technology/Technician.
15.1201 Computer Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.1202 Computer Technology/Computer Systems Technology.
15.1203 Computer Hardware Technology/Technician.
15.1204 Computer Software Technology/Technician.
15.1301 Drafting and Design Technology/Technician, General.
15.1302 CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician.
15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.
15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.
15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.
15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.
15.1401 Nuclear Engineering Technology/Technician.
15.1501 Engineering/Industrial Management.
26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General.
26.0102 Biomedical Sciences, General.
26.0202 Biochemistry.
26.0203 Biophysics.
26.0204 Molecular Biology.
26.0205 Molecular Biochemistry.
26.0206 Molecular Biophysics.
26.0207 Structural Biology.
26.0208 Photobiology.
26.0209 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology.
26.0210 Biochemistry/Biophysics and Molecular Biology.
26.0301 Botany/Plant Biology.
26.0305 Plant Pathology/Phytopathology.
26.0307 Plant Physiology.
26.0308 Plant Molecular Biology.
26.0401 Cell/Cellular Biology and Histology.
26.0403 Anatomy.
26.0404 Developmental Biology and Embryology.
26.0405 Neuroanatomy.
26.0406 Cell/Cellular and Molecular Biology.
26.0407 Cell Biology and Anatomy.
26.0502 Microbiology, General.
26.0503 Medical Microbiology and Bacteriology.
26.0504 Virology.
26.0505 Parasitology.
26.0506 Mycology.
26.0507 Immunology.
26.0701 Zoology/Animal Biology.
26.0702 Entomology.
26.0707 Animal Physiology.
26.0708 Animal Behavior and Ethology.
26.0709 Wildlife Biology.
26.0801 Genetics, General.
26.0802 Molecular Genetics.
26.0803 Microbial and Eukaryotic Genetics.
26.0804 Animal Genetics.
26.0805 Plant Genetics.
26.0806 Human/Medical Genetics.
26.0901 Physiology, General.
26.0902 Molecular Physiology.
26.0903 Cell Physiology.
26.0904 Endocrinology.
26.0905 Reproductive Biology.
26.0906 Neurobiology and Neurophysiology.
26.0907 Cardiovascular Science.
26.0908 Exercise Physiology.
26.0909 Vision Science/Physiological Optics.
26.0910 Pathology/Experimental Pathology.
26.0911 Oncology and Cancer Biology.
26.1001 Pharmacology.
26.1002 Molecular Pharmacology.
26.1003 Neuropharmacology.
26.1004 Toxicology.
26.1005 Molecular Toxicology.
26.1006 Environmental Toxicology.
26.1007 Pharmacology and Toxicology.
26.1101 Biometry/Biometrics.
26.1102 Biostatistics.
26.1103 Bioinformatics.
26.1201 Biotechnology.
26.1301 Ecology.
26.1302 Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography.
26.1303 Evolutionary Biology.
26.1304 Aquatic Biology/Limnology.
26.1305 Environmental Biology.
26.1306 Population Biology.
26.1307 Conservation Biology.
26.1308 Systematic Biology/Biological Systematics.
26.1309 Epidemiology.
27.0101 Mathematics, General.
27.0102 Algebra and Number Theory.
27.0103 Analysis and Functional Analysis.
27.0104 Geometry/Geometric Analysis.
27.0105 Topology and Foundations.
27.0301 Applied Mathematics.
27.0303 Computational Mathematics.
27.0501 Statistics, General.
27.0502 Mathematical Statistics and Probability.
29.0101 Military Technologies.
40.0101 Physical Sciences.
40.0201 Astronomy.
40.0202 Astrophysics.
40.0203 Planetary Astronomy and Science.
40.0401 Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology, General.
40.0402 Atmospheric Chemistry and Climatology.
40.0403 Atmospheric Physics and Dynamics.
40.0404 Meteorology.
40.0501 Chemistry, General.
40.0502 Analytical Chemistry.
40.0503 Inorganic Chemistry.
40.0504 Organic Chemistry.
40.0506 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry.
40.0507 Polymer Chemistry.
40.0508 Chemical Physics.
40.0601 Geology/Earth Science, General.
40.0602 Geochemistry.
40.0603 Geophysics and Seismology.
40.0604 Paleontology.
40.0605 Hydrology and Water Resources Science.
40.0606 Geochemistry and Petrology.
40.0607 Oceanography, Chemical and Physical.
40.0801 Physics, General.
40.0802 Atomic/Molecular Physics.
40.0804 Elementary Particle Physics.
40.0805 Plasma and High-Temperature Physics.
40.0806 Nuclear Physics.
40.0807 Optics/Optical Sciences.
40.0808 Solid State and Low-Temperature Physics.
40.0809 Acoustics.
40.0810 Theoretical and Mathematical Physics.
41.0101 Biology Technician/Biotechnology Laboratory Technician.
41.0204 Industrial Radiologic Technology/Technician.
41.0205 Nuclear/Nuclear Power Technology/Technician.
41.0301 Chemical Technology/Technician.
51.0101 Chiropractic (DC).
52.1304 Actuarial Science.

source: www.ice.gov

April 27, 2008


खडेरीले पट्पटी फूटेको मेरो धानखेतमा

फुल्नै लागेका धानका बालाहरू

आकाश हेरेर आशातुर थिए।

अचानक, दूर क्षितिजबाट

एउटा लहर आएको देखियो !

भावातिरेक सन्तुष्ट मैले

सन्तोषको उच्छवासमा आँखा चिम्लिएँ।

तर अपशोस,

मेरो खुशी, स्वप्निल सोचको

मुदित नयनमा

झुकेका परेलामात्र थिए,

मधुर जलको त्यो बहाव

मैले आँखा खोल्दा

सलहको बथान भेटियो ।

स्वप्नभंगको पीडामा मर्माहत

मेरो यत्रतत्र

न त्यहाँ धानका बोट नै बाँकि थिए

न त्यहाँ कुनै जलको ओस थियो

त्यसैले त मेरो मानसमा अद्यपि

पानीका शितल जस्ता देखिने

नक्कली प्रवाह-छालहरू

सलहको समुद्र बनी

आक्रान्त पार्न आउँछन् र सताउँछन् ।

April 26, 2008

भित्ते राष्ट्रपतीको अवतरण

- अशोक " खलान को मान्छे "
ड्राम्स्टाड जर्मनी
बन्दुकको नालबाट राज्यसत्ता जन्मन्छ भन्नेहरु
ब्यालेट बक्सको मोहर देखी सैधान्तिक पराजय भोग्दै छन
बिजय उत्सव सँग सँगै धसिएको सिन्दुर र मालाहरु
पन्ध्र हजार निर्दोश नेपाली रगतले बनेको खुनी दाउपेचका सफलताहरु

कायल छन भित्ते राष्ट्रपती यती बेला आफ्नै झुटको पर्दा भित्र
चुनावी आश्वासन एउटा रणनिती हुनसक्छ उस्को लागि
सोझा जनता झुक्काउने ५२ सुत्रिय मागपत्र जस्तै
जानार्दनले डाडु पन्यो दि सके , अब त्यो ५२ सुत्रिय माग पुरा गर आँफै

अब सडक तिम्रो सदन तिम्रो जंगल पनि त तिम्रो
अब सपना तिम्रो कार्यपत्र तिम्रो संविधान पनि तिम्रो ढंगको
एक युगको एक दिन तिम्रो पोल्टा मा परी सकेको छ
अब भित्ते राष्ट्रपती होइन कोठे राष्ट्रपती बन्छौ होला नै

आश्वासनको पोका फुकाउ तिमी आँफै नै
स्विजरल्यान्ड मलेसिया भिएतनाम वा कम्बोडिया
सपनाको बाटोमा छलाङ मार तिमी आँफै नै
पुर्वी युरोप क्युबा , उत्तर कोरिया वा नयाँ नेपाल नै

भित्ते राष्ट्रपतीको अवतरण हामी पर्खि रहन्छौ
नेपालीले सम्पूर्णता गुमाएको यो १७ बर्ष सम्झिरहन्छौ
सान्ती क्षेत्र मेरो देश बुद्धको मेरो देश शिवको मेरो देश
रोग भोक र सोकले जर्जर भएर मारकाट हत्या हिंशाले जरा हाली
नयाँ शिवत्वको रुप मा हिशा स्विकारेका छौ,प्रतिहिंशाको साटो

अझ पनि हामी त सान्तीका पूजारी हौ
साच्चै बन्दुक झुक्ने आश मा मोहोर लगाइदिएका छौ
चाहे तिमी हाम्रो आस्थाको गद्दी त्याग
भित्ते राष्ट्रपती को अवतरण पस्चात त्यो आस्थाले पुन शिवत्त्व प्राप्त गर्छ

शिवत्व संसारका खुशीका लागि विष पिउने हरुले नै प्राप्त गर्छन
मेरो आस्थाको गद्दीले पनी असक्षमका टिका लगाउनेहरुका विष पिएका हुन
त्यसैले गद्दी नै त्याग्नु परे पनि हामी खुशी छौ
ईतिहास साक्षी छ ,हामी जनचाहना बदल्न बन्दुक तेर्साउन सक्दैनौ
जनताको नाम मा जनता लाई अधकल्चो अधमरो छाडन सक्दैनौ ।

गिरिजाज्यू अव स्वर्गलोकमा नै गएर प्रम हुने कि?

संबिधान सभाको चुनाव सकियो। स्वनामधारी ठूला दलहरु कांग्रेस र एमाले नराम्रो संग पछारिए र माओबादीले अनेपेक्षीत सफलता हात पर्‍यो। आफ्नो हारसंगै एमालेका मन्त्रीहरु सरकारबाट बाहिरिए र अब बन्ने सरकारमा सहभागी नहुने घोषणासमेत गर्न भ्याए तर आफूलाई प्रजातंत्रको मसिहा ठान्ने नेपाली कांग्रेसका नेताहरु भन्ने अचम्मको कुरा गर्दैछन। माओबादीले दुई तिहाई बहुमत नल्याएकोले अब बन्ने सरकार पनि उनीहरुकै नेत्रित्वमा बन्नु पर्छ रे। आफू लडेर तल परे पनि खुटा चांही माथि नै?
वाह, धन्य कांग्रेस। बिभिन्न बहानामा कांग्रेस सत्ता छोड्न चाहदैन।
माओबादी र एमालेले "समानुपातीक निवाचन" को माग छोडिदिएर कांग्रेसको "प्रत्यक्ष निर्वाचन प्रणाली" मा गएको भए झन् कुन हविगत हुन्थ्यो, त्यो सामुन्ने छ।माओबादीले दुइ तिहाई सीट जित्न नसकेकोले अव बन्ने सरकार पनि कांग्रेसकै नेत्रित्वमा हुने भन्ने यो कस्तो तर्क हो? कांग्रेसमा लाज शर्म भनेको दुई पैसाको पनि छैन जस्तो छ।यति शर्मानाक हार पछि पनि अझ सरकारको नेत्रित्व गर्छु भनेर कसरी लाज पचाएर भन्न सकेका हुन्?
समानुपातिक को परिणामले माओबादीलाई बहुमत त दिएन, तर बिशाल अन्तरकासाथ सबै भन्दा ठूलो पार्टी तुल्याएको छ र यस हिसाबले सरकारको नेत्रित्व गर्ने अधिकार माओबादीको हुन्छ। अन्य दलहरु माओबादी नेत्रित्वको सरकारमा जानु-नजानु स्वेच्छाको कुरा हो तर सबै भन्दा ठूलो बन्न पुगेको पार्टीलाई सरकारको नेत्रित्व गर्न नदिनु भनेको उनीहरुलाई फेरि शान्ती प्रक्रियाबाट पलाएन गराउनु हो। कि भने नेपाली कांग्रेसले हामी नै दुइ तिहाइ बहुमत सिद्ध गरेर सरकार बनाउछौ भन्न सक्न पर्यो।आम जनताले माओबादी नेत्रित्वको सरकार हेर्न चाहेका छन् र देशमा केहि परिवर्तन् हुन्छ कि भनेर आशा गरेका छन्।
अन्य दलहरुले माओबादीहरुलाई यो मौका दिनु पर्छ र केहि समय चुप लागेर बस्नु पर्छ। माओबादीले सकेनन्, देश फेरि अस्तब्यस्त हुन थाल्यो भने आफू अघि सर्नु बेग्लै कुरा हो, तर अहिले नै माओबादीको बाटो रोक्न खोज्नु ठूलो भूल हो।

गिरिजालाई राष्ट्रप्रति बनाउन त माओबादीले खोजेकै हुन क्यार? हिम्मत छ गिरिजासंग राष्ट्र्पति हुने? हिम्मत छ गणतंत्र घोषणा गर्ने? गिरिजालाई प्रम दिएर मात्र पुग्दैन, प्रम पछिको दोस्रो बरिष्ठ मन्त्री पनि उनकै पार्टीलाइ चाहिन्छ। प्रम कांग्रेसको भएको ले प्रम संग नजिकमा बसेर काम गर्न पर्ने लंगडो तर्क राखेर अन्य महत्वपुर्ण मन्त्रालयहरु ग्रिह, रक्षा र अर्थ पनि उनकै पार्टीलाई चाहिन्छ। ताज्जुब छैन त यो कुरा? अख्तियारले डामेर छाडेका वाग्ले, जोशी, खड्काहरुलाइ नै फेरि मन्त्री बनाउने होला। धन्य कांग्रेस। यो देशले कहिले सम्म नेपाली कांग्रेसलाई ब्यहोर्न पर्ने हो? गिरिजाज्यू अव स्वर्गलोकमा नै गएर प्रम हुने कि?

तिब्बति स्वाधिनता र हाम्रो प्रजातन्त्र

मार्च १०, २००८ का दिन, तिब्बतिहरुले, आफ्नो स्वाधिनता खोसिएको ५१ औ बर्षको अबसर पारेर ल्हासा सहरमा शान्तिपूर्ण प्रदर्शन गरे। दबाब र बल प्रयोग बाहेक अरु कुनै कुरा नजान्ने चिनिया प्रशासनले व्यापक दमन गरि धेरै संख्यामा भिक्षुहरुलाई गिरफ्तार गर्‍यो ।

११ मार्चमा ति गिरफ्तार गरिएका भिक्षुहरुको रिहाईको माग गर्दै बसेका भिक्षुहरुमाथी अन्धाधुन्द अस्रुग्यास र लाठी प्रयोग गरि चिनिया प्रशासनले आफु दमनकै कडा रुपमा मात्रै प्रस्तुत हुने जनायो, अनि संसार भरि शुरु भयो विरोध र दमनको कुचक्र ।

जहाँ एकतर्फ दलाई लामा स्वयंले ध्वंसात्मक गतिबिधिको बिरोध गर्दै आफ्न माग "स्वतन्त्र तिब्बत" नभएको पटक पटक दोहर्‍याएका छन भने आर्को तर्फ चीनिया सरकारले दलाईलामा लाई 'संतको भेषमा रहेको सैतान' को संज्ञा दिएको छ ।

बास्तबमा चिन सरकार तिब्बतको समस्यालाई यत्ती सम्म न्यून मुल्याकंन गर्दै छ की तिब्बतको समस्यालाई केबल दलाईलामा एकजनाको व्यक्तिगत विचारसंग जोडेर, सिधै भन्दा दलाईलामाको मृत्युको प्रतिक्षामा छ, अनि दलाईलामाको जिवनकालमा नै उसलाई खलनायक सिद्द गर्ने असफल प्रयास पनि। यो चिनिया सरकारको ठुलो गल्ति हो ।

षडयन्त्रको जालो यत्ती सम्म की, चिनीया कम्यूनिष्ट सरकार हालका दलाईलामाको मृत्यु पछि 'आफ्नो पक्ष' को चिनिया नागरिकलाई नया दलाईलामा चुन्ने र त्यस पछि तिब्बतिहरुको एकतालाई टुक्र्याएर बिस्तारै 'ब्रेन वास' को आफ्नो पुरानो हतियारले बाकी तिब्बतिहरुलाई पनि तह लगाउने खाका तयार गर्ने काममा व्यस्त छ ।

आफ्नो प्राचिन र रहश्‍यमय संस्कृति र धर्ममा यसरी ठाडै प्रहार गर्ने षडयन्त्र बन्न लागेपछि सो संस्कृतिलाई जोगाउन दलाईलामाले पनि आफ्नो जिवनकालमा नै उत्तराधिकारी चुन्ने विचार प्रकट गरे र तिब्बतिहरुसंग व्यापक बहसमा लागे। यसरी आफ्नो हजारौं बर्ष पुरानो र दूर्लभ संस्कृतिमा प्रहार हुन लागेपछि तिब्बतिहरु एकजुट हुनु एकदमै सामान्य कुरा थीयो भने बदलिदो विश्‍वको परिस्थिति र संसारभरी छरिई सकेका तिब्बति हरुलाई भुलेर दबाब बाट समाधान खोज्नु चिनको ठुलो भुल ।

आफ्नो संस्कृति जोगाउन एकतर्फ संसारभरिका तिब्बतिहरु र उनिहरुका समर्थकहरु एक भएका छन भने आर्कोतर्फ आफ्नो परम्परा कायम रख्दै चिनिया कम्युनिष्ट सरकारले पनि फेरि एकचोटी विदेशिहरुलाई चिन प्रवेश गर्नबाट रोकेर 'बन्द कोठा भित्र अप्रेशन' गर्ने मनाशाय बनाएको प्रष्टै छ ।

ठुलो भन्दा ठुलो समस्यालाई केबल "आन्तरीक मामीला' बताउदै झ्याल ढोका थुनेर अप्रेशन गर्दै आएका चिनिया प्रशासनलाई यस पटक भने विश्‍व भरि छरिएका तिब्बति, उनिहरुका समर्थक र सञ्चार जगतमा आएको नया प्रगतिका कारण आफ्ना सबै झ्याल ढोका बन्द गर्न नसक्दा निहत्था भिक्षुहरलाई तह लगाउन हम्मे हम्मे परेको छ ।

यौटा नितान्त धर्म बिरोधि कम्यूनिष्ट मुलुकमा यस्तो घटना हुनु खासै नौलो कुर होईन भने तिन, तिन चोटी 'प्रजातन्त्र' आएको हाम्रो देशमा ति निहत्था बौद्धमार्गीहरु माथि व्यापक दबाब हुनु पक्कै पनि शोभनिय कुरा होईन । हामी यदि प्रजातन्त्रका हिमायति हौं र यसैमा हाम्रो विश्‍वास छ भने ति निहत्था तिब्बतिहरुको जुलुस र प्रदर्शन माथि बल प्रयोग गर्नु हामिलाई कत्ती पनि शुहाउँदैन ।

हामी स्वतन्त्र छौं र स्वतन्त्रतामा विश्‍वास गर्छौ भने, केवल 'ठूल्दाई' लाई खुशि तुल्याउन मात्र स्वाधिनताको आवाज उठाउने तिब्बतिहरुमाथि अलिकता पनि दमन गर्नु लज्जाजनक हुनेछ । यौटा प्रजातन्त्रीक मुलुकमा अर्को यौटा स्वाधिनताको लडाई लडनेले समर्थन पाउनु पर्छ दमन होईन । बाँकि तिब्बतको भविश्‍य कसरी निर्धारण हुन्छ त्यो भविश्‍यकै गर्भमा छ र सकिन्छ भने त्यसकोलागी हामि सबै स्वतन्त्रता प्रेमीले सकारात्मक भूमिका निर्बाह गर्नुपर्छ ।

April 24, 2008

चार किल्लामा ४० बुंदा

सांच्चै नेपालको प्रगती शुस्त नै छ। कुनै बेला कोरिया र सिंगापुर भन्दा अगाडी रहेको देश अहिले पुछारमै पुगेको छ। यस्तो त्यसै भएको छैन। सरकार चलाउनेको ढंग नपुगेको हो या ढंग हुने सरकारमा नपुगेको हो तर नेपालमा जता पनि समस्यै समस्या देखिन्छ। कोहि त्यही समस्या झेल्दै बस्छन त कोहि त्यहि समस्या देखाएर बिदेशीन्छन। अनि कोहि त्यही समस्या देखाएर युद्द छेड्छन।
ठ्याक्कै १२ बर्ष अघी संयुक्त जनमोर्चा नेपालका अध्यक्ष बाबुराम भट्टराइले तत्कालिन सरकार प्रमुख शेर बहादुर देउवा समक्ष पंचायत ढलेको ६ बर्ष हुंदा पनि देश उधै गतिलागेको भनेर ४० बुंदे माग पेश गरेका थिए। माग तुरुन्तै पुरा नभए हतियार उचाल्ने धम्की मागसंगै जनाइएको थियो। माग पुरा भएन माओबादीले जनयुद्द छेडे, थुप्रै जनधनको क्षती भयो। अहिले आएर बन्दुक थन्काए अनी चुनाबमा हेलिए।माओबादीले शानदार बिजय हांसिल पनि गरे। अब हेर्नुछ चार किल्लामा राज गरेर आफ्नै ४० बुंदे माग तुरुन्तै पुरा गर्छन या कहिल्यै पुरा गर्दैनन।
माओबादीको ४० बुदेको सार यस्तो थयो।
1.All discriminatory treaties, including the 1950 Nepal-India Treaty, should be abrogated.
2.The so-called Integrated Mahakali Treaty concluded on 29 January, 1996 should be repealed immediately, as it is designed to conceal the disastrous Tanakpur Treaty and allows Indian imperialist monopoly over Nepal's water resources.
3.The open border between Nepal and India should be regulated, controlled and systematised. All vehicles with Indian licence plates should be banned from Nepal.
4.The Gurkha/Gorkha Recruitment Centres should be closed. Nepali citizens should be provided dignified employment in the country.
5.Nepali workers should be given priority in different sectors. A 'work permit' system should be strictly implemented if foreign workers are required in the country.
6.The domination of foreign capital in Nepali industries, business and finance should be stopped.
7.An appropriate customs policy should be devised and implemented so that economic development helps the nation become self-reliant.
8.The invasion of imperialist and colonial culture should be banned. Vulgar Hindi films, videos and magazines should be immediately outlawed.
9.The invasion of colonial and imperial elements in the name of NGOs and INGOs should be stopped.Concerning people's democracy
10.A new constitution should be drafted by representatives elected for the establishment of a people's democratic system.
11.All special privileges of the king and the royal family should be abolished.
12.The army, the police and the bureaucracy should be completely under people's control.
13.All repressive acts, including the Security Act, should be repealed.
14.Everyone arrested extra-judicially for political reasons or revenge in Rukum, Rolpa, Jajarkot, Gorkha, Kabhrc, Sindhupalchowk. Sindhuli, Dhanusa, Ramechhap, and so on, should be immediately released. All false cases should be immediately withdrawn.
15.The operation of armed police, repression and state-sponsored terror should be immediately stopped.
16.The whereabouts of citizens who disappeared in police custody at different times, namely Dilip Chaudhary, Bhuwan Thapa Magar, Prabhakar Subedi and others, should be investigated and those responsible brought to justice. The families of victims should be duly compensated.
17.All those killed during the People's Movement should be declared martyrs. The families of the martyrs and those injured and deformed should be duly compensated, and the murderers brought to justice.
18.Nepal should be declared a secular nation.
19.Patriarchal exploitation and discrimination against women should be stopped. Daughters should be allowed access to paternal property.
20.All racial exploitation and suppression should be stopped. Where ethnic communities are in the majority, they should be allowed to form their own autonomous governments.
21.Discrimination against downtrodden and backward people should be stopped. The system of untouchability should be eliminated.
22.All languages and dialects should be given equal opportunities to prosper. The right to education in the mother tongue up to higher levels should be guaranteed.
23.The right to expression and freedom of press and publication should be guaranteed. The government mass media should be completely autonomous.
24.Academic and professional freedom of scholars, writers, artists and cultural workers should be guaranteed.
25.Regional discrimination between the hills and the tarai should be eliminated. Backward areas should be given regional autonomy. Rural and urban areas should be treated at par.
26.Local bodies should be empowered and appropriately equipped.
27.Land should be belong to 'tenants'. Land under the control of the feudal system should be confiscated and distributed to the landless and the homeless.
28.The property of middlemen and comprador capitalists should be confiscated and nationalised. Capital lying unproductive should be invested to promote industrialisation.
29.Employment should be guaranteed for all. Until such time as employment can be arranged, an unemployment allowance should be provided.
30.A minimum wage for workers in industries, agriculture and so on should be fixed and strictly implemented.
31.The homeless should be rehabilitated. No one should be ' relocated until alternative infrastructure is guaranteed.
32.Poor farmers should be exempt from loan repayments. Loans taken by small farmers from the Agricultural Development Bank should be written off. Appropriate provisions should be made to provide loans for small farmers.
33.Fertiliser and seeds should be easily available and at a cheap rate. Farmers should be provided with appropriate prices and markets for their produce.
34.People in flood and drought-affected areas should be provided with appropriate relief materials.
35.Free and scientific health services and education should be available to all. The commercialisation of education should be stopped.
36.Inflation should be checked. Wages should be increased proportionate to inflation. Essential goods should be cheaply and easily available to everyone.
37.Drinking water, roads and electricity should be provided to all villagers.
38.Domestic and cottage industries should be protected and promoted.
39.Corruption, smuggling, black marketing, bribery, and the practices of middlemen and so on should be eliminated.
40.Orphans, the disabled, the elderly and children should be duly honoured and protected .